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Piazza dei Miracoli

Piazza dei Miracoli
Address: Piazza del Duomo
Zip Code: 56126
City: Pisa
Location: Pisa
Phone: 050 3872211 / 212
Fax: 050 560505

Pisa, Piazza dei MiracoliLa Piazza del Duomo in Pisa, the most important artistic and tourist center of the city is universally known as the Piazza dei Miracoli. There are monuments that form the center of religious life, defined by Gabriele d'Annunzio, for their beauty and originality, miracles: the Cathedral, Baptistery, Monumental Cemetery and the Leaning Tower. In 1987 the square was included among the sites recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage.

The square is reserved for pedestrians and covered by a large lawn, took the final appearance in the nineteenth century, especially by the architect Alessandro Gherardesca, who became interested in the restoration of the famous monuments.

The tower, the leaning tower of the world's most famous monument as well as universally known, was started in 1173 and began to tilt to one side in 1274 before it was completed the third order.

Pisa, Torre and DuomoL'inclinazione is due to the sandy soil of silt on which rest foundations, just three meters deep. Following the consolidation work carried out in the 90s of last century, the slope was reduced by about 40 cm and the monument was reopened to the public, albeit in more limited access than ever before.

The core of the complex is the Duomo, the magnificent marble cathedral dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta. Begun in 1063, is building a Latin cross with five aisles when it was proclaimed the Church Primate, in 1092, Pope Urban II bestowed the title of Primate Archbishop Daiberto, an honor today only formal.

The Baptistery, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, stands opposite the west facade of the Duomo. Replaces a previous baptistery, smaller, which is located just north of the Cathedral. Inside has an unusual conical dome covering only the inside turn of the pillars. The circumference of 107.25 m makes it the largest baptistery in Italy and the world.

Pisa, Monumental Cemetery, internoIl Monumental Cemetery is located on the northern edge of the square. A legend says that it has been built around a layer of earth taken by sea to Pisa from the Holy Land after the Second Crusade (XII century). The structure is that of a rectangular cloister in Gothic style.

Are still ongoing restoration work started soon after the Second World War, when an artillery shell fell on the lead roof causing the melting and casting along the perimeter walls, covered with magnificent frescoes. The preparatory drawings of the frescoes found at the time of posting of the latter, are now on display in the Museum of Sinopie, situated in the thirteenth century hospital on the south side of the square.

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